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Like the Pharos, Emperors or Rome knew or convinced themselves that they were equally as powerful as the god and therefore one of them among the mortals. Caligula was known for promiscuity, incest, cross-dressing, and over the top orgies. In the miniscule four year term he served he officially declared himself a god. Soon after he took the charade to another level. To prove both his power and stature, Caligula waged war on Poseidon, God of the Sea. Pretty much Caligula marched his army to the beach complete with battle cries and determination, went further out onto a pier, and ordered his men to toss their spears and other weaponry at the water.
Needless to say, the people were not that amused. Caligula's bodyguards banded together and assassinated the emperor.
relatedFAQ: Caligula's Pleasure Palace
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